Mixture of tar like hydrocarbons derived from petroleum. Black or brown, it varies from viscous to solid; the solid form is usually called asphalt. Bitumen occurs in nearly every part of the world and in nearly the whole range of geologic strata. The term may also refer to synthetic hydrocarbon compounds.
General hydrocarbon uses of Bitumen:

  • Constructions of roads, runways and platforms.
  • Water proofing to prevent water seepage.
  • Mastic floorings for factories and go‐downs.
  • Canal lining to prevent erosion.
  • Dump‐proof courses for masonry